Co-culture of placental explants with isolated CD4 and CD8 T cells: a functional model to define the consequences of placental inflammation

Authors

  • Hayley Derricott University of Manchester
  • Rebecca L. Jones Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester M13 9WL
  • Alexander E.P. Heazell Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester M13 9WL
  • Susan L. Greenwood Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester M13 9WL

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14440/jbm.2015.91

Keywords:

inflammation, placenta, T lymphocytes, villitis, VUE

Abstract

Appropriate placental function is essential for successful pregnancy and placental dysfunction is associated with fetal growth restriction (FGR) and stillbirth. Villitis of unknown etiology (VUE) and chronic intervillositis of unknown etiology (CIUE) are immune-mediated conditions characterised by placental infiltrates of macrophages, CD4 and CD8 T cells. VUE and CIUE occur more frequently in the placentas of pregnancies complicated by FGR. The mechanisms by which this inflammation induces placental dysfunction are yet to be defined. We aimed to develop an in vitro model of placental inflammation to investigate functional consequences of immune cells in the placental environment. Fragments of placental tissue were co-cultured with CD4 and CD8 T cells isolated from whole blood. CellTrackerTM fluorescence was used to identify T cells in cultured explants. Tissue histology, endocrine and nutrient transport function was assessed using established methods. This novel preparation will enable future investigations into immune cell interactions with placenta.

Author Biographies

Hayley Derricott, University of Manchester

Postgraduate Research Student

Maternal and Fetal Health Research Group

Institute of Human Development

Rebecca L. Jones, Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester M13 9WL

Senior Lecturer in Maternal and Fetal Health

Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre

Institute of Human Development

Alexander E.P. Heazell, Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester M13 9WL

Senior Clinical Lecturer and Honorary Consultant in Obstetrics, Clinical Director of the Tommy's Research Centre

Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre

Institute of Human Development

Susan L. Greenwood, Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester M13 9WL

Senior Research Fellow

Maternal & Fetal Health Research Centre

Institute of Human Development

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Published

2015-12-21

How to Cite

1.
Derricott H, Jones RL, Heazell AE, Greenwood SL. Co-culture of placental explants with isolated CD4 and CD8 T cells: a functional model to define the consequences of placental inflammation. J Biol Methods [Internet]. 2015Dec.21 [cited 2021Oct.15];2(4):e32. Available from: https://jbmethods.org/jbm/article/view/91

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